It follows that their conquering of the land represents the victorious Christian life. The following article was … It is throughout a testimony to the might and grace of a sovereign and holy God. The Book of Joshua in its entirety is a prophecy of the spiritual conquest of the world through Jesus the Messiah. Dictionary entry overview: What does Book of Joshua mean? As faithful and present as He was with Israel, so He is with us. The book of Joshua is a record of God’s faithfulness to His covenant people. The Book of Judges reveals that idol worship soon became common among the Israelites, leading to God’s judgment upon them. 4 Lessons: The book of Joshua covers the period of Israel's history from the conquest of Canaan to just after Joshua's death. Joshua 24:26 refers to Joshua writing a portion of the book himself. Because the possession of Canaan was fulfillment of the oft-repeated promise to the patriarchs, the Book of Joshua has usually been regarded as the completion of a literary unit comprising the first six books of the Bible. Their crossing of the Jordan under the leadership of Joshua, whose name in Hebrew is identical to the Hebrew form of the name Jesus, represents salvation. "From Aroer, that [is] upon the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that [is] in the midst of the river, … His name was Hoshea, but Moses decided to call him by Joshua. Please note, our website requires JavaScript to be supported. On the other hand, the people failed to possess the land completely, allowing some inhabitants to remain. 1. a book in the Old Testament describing how Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan (the Promised Land) after the death of Moses Familiarity information: BOOK OF JOSHUA used as a noun is very rare. Sign up to receive e-mail from Insight for Living Ministries. Strange as it may seem, these burials proclaim God’s character. It was authored by Joshua the leader of the Israelites circa 1405-1383 B.C. Your browser does not support JavaScript. Joshua 24:1 Many years went by, and Joshua became an old man. Summary of the Book of Joshua Author: The Book of Joshua does not explicitly name its author. Updates? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The book, named after its leading character, is the first of the Former Prophets in the Jewish canon. God is the ultimate promise-keeper. All three men were associated with Israel’s days in captivity (Joseph long ago when Jacob’s family first settled in Egypt, and Joshua and Eleazar as young men on the long journey through the wilderness). The book of Joshua falls under the sixth heading of OT History called “The Period of Conquest.” The previous five periods are known as antediluvian, postdiluvian, patriarchal, bondage, and period of wandering. This is a guest post by Trent Hunter, author of Joshua: A 12-Week Study, which is part of the Knowing the Bible series. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. God’s promises through the ages were being fulfilled before the people’s eyes. View Chuck Swindoll's chart of Joshua, which divides the book into major sections and highlights themes and key verses. James M. Garretson, The Banner of Truth, July 2017. Listen to Chuck Swindoll’s overview of Joshua in his audio message from the Classic series God’s Masterwork. The book of Joshua records the culmination of Israel’s journey to the Promised Land. The name Joshua is formed from the root of the Hebrew word for "salvation." The Book of Joshua is biblical literature. Joshua definition, the successor of Moses as leader of the Israelites. The events of the book of Joshua span about twenty-five years, starting soon after the death of Moses (Joshua 1:1) around 1406 BC, before the conquest commenced. The son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim, the successor of Moses as the leader of Israel. The book can be divided into three sections: the conquest of Canaan (chapters 1–12), the distribution of the land among the Israelite tribes (chapters 13–22), and Joshua’s farewell address and death (chapters 23–24). Joshua portrays the Lord as their general, the One who would lead His people in victorious battle if they would trust and obey. See more. He is called Jehoshua in Numbers 13:16 (A.V. That which Moses began and endured in the wilderness, Joshua was able to claim victoriously in the land. After Joshua’s death, the high priests Eleazar or Phinehas may have supplemented some material in this book that alludes to events after the conquest (15:13–19; 19:47; 24:29–33).2. The original conquest of the Promised Land is told with great zeal, and the historian repeatedly emphasizes the help of Yahweh in the conquest. As told in the Old Testament, Joshua was a companion of Moses. The farewell address of Joshua (chapter 24) sets forth the conditions for Yahweh’s maintenance of Israel in the land. As Chuck was talking, Christ was also talking to my heart. He called for all the elders, chiefs, judges, and officers to assemble at Shechem, a town in the center of the land and close to Joshua’s home. This account again reflects the historian’s hope that the former glory of the Israelite nation will be restored. Characters in the Book of Joshua and their Importance. God fulfilled His side of the bargain, but the Israelites did not finish the job. Specifically, it is a religious text that is often considered as a primary source. Abraham, always a migrant, never possessed the country to which he was sent, but he left to his children the legacy of God's covenant that made them the eventual heirs of all of Canaan (see Ge 15:13,16,18; 17:8). F. C. Cook dates the book … This is the literal translation that is broken down in the name Joshua’s (Yeshua) Hebrew etymology. Early chapters include firsthand experiences (the NIV uses the pronouns “we” and “us” in Joshua 5:1, 6, for example) and military details worthy of being known and recorded by a general. All rights reserved.Site by Ascendio, Insight's Old Testament Handbook: A Practical Look at Each Book, Insight's Handbook of Old Testament Backgrounds: Key Customs from Each Book, Genesis—Esther. We have looked at the Jordan and how that there were two sets of monuments that Joshua set up. Later in Israel’s history, after Joshua’s death, idolatry would indeed become a problem for God’s people. The last few verses of Joshua narrate three burials: Joshua (Joshua 24:29–30), the bones of Joseph (24:32), and Eleazar the high priest (24:33). Joshua. The allotment of the land to various tribes is made to include territory that never belonged to Israel or that came into Israel’s possession at a much later time. • BOOK OF JOSHUA (noun) The noun BOOK OF JOSHUA has 1 sense:. The traditional historic view of Joshua’s reference to the “book of the Law” is it refers to the Pentateuch that was written by Moses. The Canaanite peoples became a damaging influence on Israel as years went by. It underscores the need of the believer to be obedient if he would appropriate all the God his designed for him. Just received Chuck's "Stuff I've Learned That I'll Never Forget" CD in the mail yesterday. On the one hand, God gave the land that He had promised to the nation. The Book of Joshua (Hebrew: ספר יהושע ‎ Sefer Yehoshua) is the sixth book in the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament, and is the first book of the Deuteronomistic history, the story of Israel from the conquest of Canaan to the Babylonian exile. The book begins with the nation of Israel poised at the banks of the Jordan River, across from Jericho. In this book we find accounts of faithfulness: Rahab the harlot (Joshua 2:1–21), the battle of Jericho (6:1–27), and Caleb the warrior (14:6–14). Some of the key characters in the Book of Joshua are Joshua himself, Rahab, Achan, Eleazar, and Phinehas. Do not tremble or be dismayed, for the Lord your God is with you wherever you go” (1:9). It touched me, so I would recommend it to anyone. Discover more resources related to Joshua. Many ancient traditions are preserved in the book, but they are coloured by the historian’s personal point of view. “Be strong and courageous! Joshua is a story of conquest and fulfillment for the people of God. Joshua demonstrates his faith in God as He follows the orders given to Him and takes leadership of the nation. More than likely Joshua the son of Nun, the successor of Moses as leader over Israel, penned much of this book. Jehovah is his help, or Jehovah the Saviour. . Had Joshua or the people of Israel sought to conquer the promised land by means of their own courage and strength they would fail – they were to place their trust in the Lord their God, Who had promised to be with them wherever they went. The crux of the matter is this: “If you forsake the Lord and serve foreign gods, then he will turn and do you harm, and consume you, after having done you good” (24:20). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Book-of-Joshua, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Book of Joshua. Just as the book of Acts in the New Testament links the Gospels to the Epistles, so the book of Joshua is a bridge connecting promise to fulfillment, Moses to the new leader, the Pentateuch to the prophets, and the Exodus to the exile. It shows the geographical boundaries given to each tribe of Israel. In Nehemiah 8:17, Joshua is written as יֵשׁוּאַ or Yeshua, the name for Jesus. It was written to assure the Israelites the Living God will reward obedience, and also to record the entrance and conquest of the promise land. It is hard to imagine that more could be packed into the brief 230 pages which make up this fine and informative study." The book of Joshua was written to the descendants of those who conquered the land, as a historical account of how they had come to settle there. The first part of the name Joshua is “Yah”. The book of Joshua is an exceedingly old book, written some three thousand years ago, yet it has power to speak to our hearts directly because we cannot read it without it reminding us of our blessed Lord Jesus Christ himself: ‘For if Joshua had given them rest, … The book ends with Joshua’s regathering of the nation for his final exhortation. Please contact us or click here to learn more about how to enable JavaScript on your browser. Deuteronomy 31:14, 23; 34:9. There has been, however, a growing tendency to view Joshua as the beginning of a history that continues in the books that follow. Book of Joshua, Joshua also spelled Josue, the sixth book of the Bible, which, along with Deuteronomy, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings, belongs to a tradition of Jewish history and law, called Deuteronomic, that was first committed to writing about 550 bce, during the Babylonian Exile. Even more significantly, the book of Joshua serves as the connecting narrative between the days of Moses and the days of the judges, during which the book was first circulated. Scholars believe that Joshua himself or a scribe under his direction penned most of the book. That is the first five books of our current Bible known as Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Where Deuteronomy ends, the book of Jos… Omissions? Though they were newly established as conquerors, Joshua reminded them that the conquest was incomplete: “very much of the land remains to be possessed” (13:1). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. After many years of slavery in Egypt and 40 years in the desert, the Israelites were finally allowed to enter the land promised to their fathers. The book is a stirring story of conquest, but almost all modern scholars believe the Israelites … The Joshua spiritual meaning translates to “God (Jehovah) is my salvation”, or “God saves”. Here we see God fulfill His promise to give the land of Canaan to Jacob’s descendants. The key personalities are Joshua, Rahab, Achan, Phinehas, and Eleazar. This history was written to the victorious Israelites who had settled the land. Scholars who hold this point of view have attempted to identify in Joshua the same source documents that are found in the preceding books. The second half is the verb “Yahshua”, which means “to save”. . God is faithful to His promises. When he knew that death was drawing near, he summoned the leaders of Israel to hear his last words. We also witness disobedience and its consequences: Achan’s sin (7:1) and the resulting loss at Ai (7:5), failure of some tribes to annihilate the enemy as God commanded, and even Joshua making a treaty with the Gibeonites without first seeking the Lord (9:1–27). “Not one of the good promises which the Lord had made to the house of Israel failed; all came to pass” (Joshua 21:45). God’s speech to Joshua in the opening verses of Joshua’s book contains many allusions to this typology. Joshua means “Yahweh saves,”1 an appropriate name for the man who led Israel, under God’s command, to victorious conquest of the Promised Land. by F Gordon. The book of Joshua details how the Israelites conquered Canaan, the Promised Land given to the Jews in God's covenant with Abraham.It's a story of miracles, bloody battles, and dividing the land among the 12 tribes. From the Hebrew name יְהוֹשֻׁעַ (Yehoshu'a) meaning " YAHWEH is salvation", from the roots יְהוֹ (yeho) referring to the Hebrew God and יָשַׁע (yasha') meaning "to save". your God promised you” – Joshua (Jos 23:2-5) This was the opening message of the message of Joshua. Explanation and Commentary of Joshua 1:8 The false prosperity doctrine taught to the shame of the Church all over the world by charlatans is that if you follow God, especially in the form of giving money to some specific ministry of the charlatan, … Joshua, being the character of the book becomes the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses. Introduction. The latter part of the book was written by at … He was born in Egypt, and was probably of the age of Caleb, with whom he is generally associated. Joshua is a threshold book concerned with borders. Book of Joshua, Joshua also spelled Josue, the sixth book of the Bible, which, along with Deuteronomy, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings, belongs to a tradition of Jewish history and law, called Deuteronomic, that was first committed to writing about 550 bce, during the Babylonian Exile. Joshua was destined to turn that promise into reality. Corrections? Characterized as a historical account, the book of Joshua tells how a leader's obedience to God resulted in divine help in the face of overwhelming odds. At that time Joshua is old in age, the book of Joshua, recorded how he led Israel. In chapter 1 we read … The present volume continues that noble heritage and it is well worth adding to one’s resources on the message and meaning of the book of Joshua. The author of Joshua lived at a time when the people of Israel were exiles in Babylonia and had lost the land they once possessed. The date of the book seems to vary from author to author. Joshua Chapter 5: The significance and meaning of Gilgal . Joshua recounted a story of contradictions. And now all three lay at rest in the land of promise, witnesses to God’s faithfulness. The Book of Joshua is an account of the Israelites entering the land of the Canaanites at the end of their long Exodus from Egypt, and sweeping all before them with the help of God. . "Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities of refuge, whereof I spake unto you … It celebrates God as general, defender, and king. Joshua was given this promise after … Thanks for the good work you do. It tells the story of the Israelite occupation of Canaan, the Promised Land. Chuck has a way of saying it the way it is! Consequently, his retelling of history is coloured by a hope for the repossession of his homeland. The book’s primary figure gives it its title. © 2020 Insight for Living Ministries. One set of monumental stones was set up in the river and one set of stones was set up on the other side in Gilgal. He had said back in Joshua 24:2, “… Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods.” Joshua calls upon the Lord’s people to make a decision. ), and Jesus in Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8 (RSV, Joshua). Joshua (/ ˈ dʒ ɒ ʃ u ə /) or Jehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ ‎ Yəhôšuaʿ) is the central figure in the Hebrew Bible's Book of Joshua.According to the books of Exodus, Numbers and Joshua, he was Moses' assistant and became the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses. It records the details of numerous military campaigns that defeated the inhabitants of the land. The conquest of Canaan took about seven years, and Joshua’s final address and subsequent death came almost twenty years later. 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